tech track papers
Categories: 2018, Space Situational Awareness
NASA and its partners maintain a watch for Near-Earth Objects (NEOs), asteroids and comets that pass within Earth’s vicinity, as part of an ongoing effort to discover, catalog, and characterize these bodies and to determine if any pose an impact threat. NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Office (PDCO) is responsible for:
• Ensuring the early detection of potentially hazardous objects (PHOs) – asteroids and comets whose orbits are predicted to bring them within 0.05 astronomical units of Earth’s orbit; and of a size large enough to reach Earth’s surface – that is, greater than perhaps 30 to 50 meters;
• Tracking and characterizing PHOs and issuing warnings about potential impacts;
• Providing timely and accurate communications about PHOs; and
• Performing as a lead coordination node in U.S. Government planning for response to an actual impact threat.
The PDCO collaborates with other U.S. Government agencies, other national and international agencies, and astronomers around the world. The PDCO also is responsible for facilitating communications between the science community and the public should any potentially hazardous NEO be discovered. In addition, the PDCO works closely with the United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs and the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to support international collaborations on Near Earth Objects. The PDCO is NASA’s representative as a leading member of the International Asteroid Warning Network (IAWN) and the Space Missions Planning Advisory Group (SMPAG), multinational endeavors endorsed by the United Nations for an international response to the NEO impact hazard, established and supported by the space-capable nations. In this paper, we provide an overview of the office’s many and varied planetary defense efforts.